After-Tax Income Definition, Factors, Impact, and Strategies

after tax income definition

After-tax contributions to retirement accounts are made from income that has already been taxed. The benefits come at the time of withdrawal, where typically, only the gains are taxed. Aside from taxes, the net income after taxes also after tax income definition deducts operating expenses, interest, dividends, and depreciation. In the context of corporate finance, the net income after taxes is an important number because it represents the remaining profit for owners and shareholders.

  • Audited financial statements prepared in accordance with these rules are required for public companies.
  • But what most people don’t realize is that there are other forms of income, including property and services in-kind.
  • By taking your after-tax income and divvying it up between bills, household needs, and other savings plans, you can really make some sound financial moves.
  • However, instead of determining gross income, enterprises begin by defining total revenues.
  • After-tax income is important when trying to figure out your household budget and how much you can afford to put away for retirement, especially if you’re contributing to post-tax retirement accounts, like Roth IRAs.
  • Often, after-tax income is used when talking about your actual federal income tax liability for the year.
  • In addition, public policies may offer favorable taxation for people at certain income levels or for favored economic activities.

Net income after taxes is one of the most analyzed figures on a company’s financial statements. The amount recorded provides an indication of the profitability of a company, which determines whether the firm can compensate its investors and shareholders through dividends and share buybacks. Dividends are rewards–usually in cash–paid to shareholders while buybacks are share repurchases by a company. Medicare contributions and Social Security payments are calculated on the difference after these deductions are taken from the gross salary amount.


In general, it is wise to stop contributing towards retirement when facing immediate financial difficulty. However, depending on the severity of the financial situation, a case could be made for at least contributing as much as possible towards what an employer will match for a 401(k). As part of the American Rescue Plan, student loan forgiveness issued from Jan. 1, 2021, to Dec. 31, 2025, will not be taxable to the recipient. If you are married, you will most likely want to file as married filing jointly. However, there are some limited instances when it may make sense to file as married filing separately.

after tax income definition

Companies can judge whether to pursue a project by determining whether it meets a required after-tax rate of return, or hurdle rate. Projects that yield greater after-tax income are more economically attractive for a business to pursue. When a jurisdiction imposes a corporate income tax, the tax raises the pretax return required to yield an acceptable after-tax return, as the investment return is reduced by the tax paid on the investment return.

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The most commonly chosen options will be «Single,» «Married Filing Jointly,» and «Head of Household.» It is possible for a single person to claim another filing status. For instance, someone who is «Single» can also file as «Head of Household» or «Qualifying Widow» if the conditions are met. Given these options, it is possible for a taxpayer to evaluate their options and choose the filing status that results in the least taxation. You discretionary income is the amount you have available after paying for necessary expenses, or money available to budget. Discretionary income may also be calculated for student financial aid using your income and a poverty guideline. Economists have different definitions of income and different ways of measuring it, from focusing on earnings, savings, consumption, production, public finance, capital investment, or other topics.

  • Just like a partnership, this type of corporation doesn’t pay any income tax on earnings.
  • If a company does allow the conversion of unused PTO, accumulated hours and/or days can then be exchanged for a larger paycheck.
  • The amount recorded provides an indication of the profitability of a company, which determines whether the firm can compensate its investors and shareholders through dividends and share buybacks.
  • If you have a pre-tax or traditional account, you will have to pay taxes on money withdrawn before age 59½, and the funds are subject to a hefty early withdrawal penalty.
  • Certain individuals and pass-through businesses relocate to low-income tax states in order to maximize their after-tax income.

Municipal bonds are one of the most common tax-advantaged investments, with most of the asset class offering no federal tax on gains. For purchases, you’ll need to consider the taxes and subtract them from the total amount you paid. For income, you subtract the amount you paid in taxes for the period from the amount you earned. The total taxes on a transaction are subtracted from the income or gains to calculate net of tax. Three of the most common are large asset purchases with sales tax, before and after-tax contributions, and an entity’s total profit after tax. The easiest way to achieve a salary increase may be to simply ask for a raise, promotion, or bonus.

After-Tax Income FAQs

At Finance Strategists, we partner with financial experts to ensure the accuracy of our financial content. Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) is designed to prevent tax-evasion and can affect after-tax income. Upgrading to a paid membership gives you access to our extensive collection of plug-and-play Templates designed to power your performance—as well as CFI’s full course catalog and accredited Certification Programs.

  • They include inheritances and gifts, alimony payments, cash rebates, child support, most healthcare benefits, qualifying adoption reimbursements, and welfare payments.
  • The income tax does, however, contain distortions and inequities of its own.
  • Interest on bonds issued by state and local governments generally is not subject to federal taxation.
  • Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.
  • At a capital gains tax rate of 15%, it would owe $60,000 in taxes on the sale.

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